Biography & Abstract

 

 

Prof. Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki

Institute of Ecology and Botany

Hungary

 

Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki is researcher at the MTA Centre for Ecological Research, Institute of Ecology and Botany, in Hungary. She touched several fields during her scientific career already in her young age. Her research seeks for answering crucial questions in conservation biology, such as maintaining biodiversity and associated ecosystem services, such as pollination in agricultural ecosystems. Pollination and wild bee ecology is one of the main research interests of her scientific work, focusing on plant-pollinator networks, climate change and non-native plant invasion effects on pollinators, and conservation of farmland biodiversity in extensive and traditional Central European landscapes. She was coordinating lead author of the IPBES ‘Assessment Report on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production’, and was an expert in the „Ecosystem Services, Agriculture, Pollinators and Predators” (ESAPP) working group of the European Academies Science Advisory Council (EASAC). She is a board member of the SCB European Section.

 

Title: Bee or not to be? – Importance of wild bees for well-being and the threats of land use change

Abstract: Animal pollination is necessary for almost 90% of angiosperm species and three-quarters of the 100 globally most important crop species. As numerous scientific studies and the recent global assessment by Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) published as ‘Assessment Report on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production’ pointed out, both the domesticated honeybees and wild pollinators such as wild bees, hoverflies are endangered by several drivers such as land-use change, land management, plant invasion, pests and climate change, and several species show considerable declines at different parts of the world, including the honeybee. As a consequence their pollination service for crops and non-crop plants can be failed. Therefore to suffice crop yields and the natural assemblages, conservation of pollinators and appropriate management of the semi-natural and the managed agricultural habitats is crucial. My talk will be addressed to 1) wild pollinator focused case studies in Central-Eastern Europe, a region harbouring still diverse wild pollinator communities but facing also different new challenges due to changing economic and environmental conditions; 2) science-policy interface through the work of IPBES and major outcomes of its global assessment on pollinators and pollination; and 3) based on our recent review highlighting ecological intensification as a strategic alternative to ameliorate pollinator decline while supporting sustainable food production, by promoting biodiversity beneficial to agricultural production.